Selasa, 18 Mei 2010

History of the Internet and Internet Development

History of the intenet began in 1969 when the U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has decided to conduct research on how to connect a computer to form an organic network.
This research program known as ARPANET. In 1970, already more than 10 computers are successfully connected to one another so that they can communicate with each other and form a network.

In 1972, Roy Tomlinson managed to complete the e-mail program that he created a year ago for the ARPANET. E-mail program is so easy that immediately became popular. In the same year, @ icon is also introduced as an important symbol that shows "at" or "on". In 1973, ARPANET computer network were developed outside the United States.
Computer University College in London was the first computer that is outside the United States who are members of the ARPAnet network. In the same year, two computer experts that Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn presented a bigger idea, which became the forerunner to the Internet thinking. This idea was presented for the first time at Sussex University.
The next is a historic day on March 26, 1976, when the Queen of England managed to send an e-mail from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment at Malvern. A year later, already more than 100 computers on ARPANET merged to form a network or networks. In 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis and Steve Bellovin, creating the first-named newsgroups USENET. In 1981 France Telecom creates a buzz by launching the first television telephone, which people can call each other while dealing with a video link.
Because the computers that form the network is becoming more and more, we need a formal protocol that is recognized by all networks. In 1982 formed or TCP Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol or IP as we know it all. Meanwhile in Europe appear counter computer network known as Eunet, which provides computer network services in countries of Dutch, British, Danish and Swedish. Eunet network provides e-mail and USENET newsgroups.
For a uniform addresses in the existing computer network, then in 1984 introduced the system of domain names, which we now know with the DNS or Domain Name System. Computers that are connected to an existing network already exceeds more computers in 1000. In 1987 the number of computers that are connected to the network soared 10-fold more Manjadi 10 000.
1988, Oikarinen of Finland's Jarko find and simultaneously introduce an IRC or Internet Relay Chat. A year later, the number of interconnected computers soared 10-fold return in a year. No fewer than 100,000 computers are now forming a network. Year 1990 is the year's most historic, when Tim Berners Lee to find an editor and browser programs that can roam from one computer to another computer, which form a network. This is the program called www, or the worl Wide Web.
Year 1992, computers that are connected to each other to form a network already exceeds a million computers, and in the same year appeared the term surfing the internet. In 1994, the website has grown into a 3000 page address, and for the first time virtual-shopping or e-retail appear on the Internet. The world changed. In the same year Yahoo! Established, which is also at the same time the birth of Netscape Navigator 1.0

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